Design & Analysis of G+2 Building

Objective of the Project

The main aim of this project is to carry out a detailed design and analysis of the main structural elements of a multi-storey building (G+2 in this project) including slabs, columns, shear walls.

We will also be getting a real life experience with engineering practices and can implement them wherever required like, in the areas of designing, planning etc.

Familiarity with structural softwares like Staad Pro and AutoCAD which will be of very importance for an Entry Level Engineer.

There are following types of loads:
  • Live load
  • Dead load
  • Wind load
  • Floor load
Softwares Used
Advantages of Auto CAD

AutoCAD is just like a Designing Drafting and Programming utility tha goes beyond the minimalistic nature of most designing softwares and it also throws in some good tools to make designing more simpler and easier task.

  • -Speed
  • -Ease of Access
  • -Experimentation
AutoCAD have many other advantages but there are few limitations like:
  • -Results need manual verification
  • -High technical skilled required
  • -Costs for the softwares and supporting hardware
Advantages of STAAD Pro

One of the major advantages of this software is that it allows analysis and design of RCC, steel, foundations and bridges etc. along with codes that are compliant across most standards across the globe.

  • -Geometry of the Structure
  • -Center Line Plan
  • -Front View of the Structure
  • -Skeletal Structure
  • -Assigning live, dead & wind loads
  • -Wind Load on the Structure
The following are some of the limitations or features not supported in STAAD Pro with curved members
  • -Member Loads – UMOM, CON, CMOM, LIN, TRAP.
  • -Area Load, One Way, Floor Load.
  • -Wind Load, Prestress, Poststress.
  • -Temperature load, Strain.
  • -Fixed End Load. Snow Load.
  • -Moving load.
Conclusion of this Project

Computer Aided design is the requirement of high rise buildings in the current era of technology to accurately analyze and model the proposed structure but must be done very attentively and carefully. To understand the integrity of any structure, these modern softwares can be used like a tool.

The wind loading is the most important factor that determines the design of tall buildings over 10 storeys, where storey height approximately lies between 2.7 – 3.0 m P=k1*k2*k3*vz^2 designed as per IS 875 PART (III) taking v=50 kmph

Note: For a G+2 building wind loads can be neglected due to comparatively low height, so it has been not considered.

Currently I am working on multiple projects on Revit Structure and AutoCAD 2D. Once completed, I will try to Publish and Share them here. By then, stay connected & thanks for reading.

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